Using the Composition of Constituencies to Explain Party System Nationalization, Government Formation, and Policy Outcomes
Research will examine detailed district-level electoral results and survey data to: (1) recover the dimensionality of electoral competition, (2) recover the salient socio-demographic cleavages that characterize this dimensionality, and (3) apply these variables as explanations for the extent of party system nationalization, patterns of government formation, and the content of specific policy outcomes. Research will result in a longer book-length manuscript that develops and tests new theories for parties, governments, and policies that were previously unexamined due to a lack of data on the dimensionality and nature of political competition.
Brian Crisp and Guillermo Rosas
Placing Latin American Citizens and Elites on Common Ground
This project will examine how citizens vote on certain bills versus how legislators vote on these bills. Research will address the interpersonal incomparability problem among voters in at least two Latin American countries (countries identified include Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Mexico) with their legislative counterparts.
Elections and Accountability in American Legislatures
This research project will identify the conditions under which elections enable voters to exercise control over their elected officials; specifically on how issue positions chosen by candidates translate into lawmaking behavior in American legislatures. Questions to be answered include why voters react to an incumbent candidate whose legislative record appears to be at odds with their expectations and how elections provide for some degree of popular control over the behavior of elected officials.
Why Can’t Long-term Unemployed Workers Find Jobs?
The goal of this project is to understand the mechanisms driving the current long-term unemployment problem the US currently faces. Three factors will be analyzed: the loss of skills and training as workers spend more time out of the labor market (human capital depreciation); the shift of workers into the unemployment pool when they are discovered to be low quality workers (as only the highest quality ones receive jobs quickly); and the heterogeneity in offer rates.
Applying a New Logit Model to Elections in Britain
Resarch will examine coalition politics in the UK, in the context of Scottish demands for greater independence. Using the variable choice set logit model, research will model policy choices by the national parties in competition with the regional parties in Britain.
When Can Voters Accurately Place Parties?
This project involves joint data collection efforts with Vanderbilt University to explore why voters are better able to understand the policy positions of some parties rather than others. Research will involve twelve European countries plus Australia and New Zealand. Research examines why certain party characteristics and choices (such as governing status, extensiveness of grassroots organizations, nature of party campaigns, etc.) can influence the ease with which the unfiltered party messages are disseminated and received. .